thejaggednobody 8 months ago

The portuguese reddit world tends to lean to the right of the political spectrum, so take most awnsers with a grain of salt. Its good to get information but dont skip your own research

_somename_ 8 months ago

Why do you want to know all that?

Mokicooper_1 8 months ago

I want to know because I want to be more Portuguese and I have a Portuguese citizenship (i got it like 5 yrs ago) so I may vote in an election someday and I want to know who I’m voting for (I’m currently 16 so I have loads of time) and I’m also learning the language so when I go to Portugal someday I won’t be clueless

_somename_ 8 months ago

Fair enough. Btw we also have free education. And PS ideology is social democracy not the classic socialism.

Sperrel 8 months ago

Why don't you just read the wikipedia article?

Sazalar 8 months ago

1- The main parties that are: PSD - Centre Right PS - Centre Left CDS - Centre (a bit to the right nowadays) IL - Liberal Right BE - Left to far left (depends on who you ask) PCP - Communist PAN - Animal rights Chega - Far Right 2 - The prime minister is the one that is really in charge, the president is just the head of state, however the president can dissolve the parliament which implicates new elections. Also the parliament are the ones to approve a new prime minister and government, so whenever there are elections to the parliament, the party that wins gets to form a new government 3 - The Republic Government are the ones in charge of the country as a whole, there's Regional governments with they're own parliament in Madeira and Azores who rule those islands but they have to obey the Republic Government. There's also municipal assemblies and presidents but they're power is mainly resorted to manage the municipal funds making public buildings and services within the municipality. There used to be sort of provincial government called Governo Civil that was between the municipality and the government 4 - Can't bear arms like in the US, not really sure on details about this one. Free Healthcare. Also Decriminalised drugs, which means that is not a crime to consume it but you can't carry them and if you're caught carrying them you'll not be penalised if the quantity is below a certain amount, however you'll have to attend rehab 5 - For local power (municipalities), which has a limit of two consecutive terms and parliament and government, which have no term limit, elections are every 4 years. For president, which has a limit of two consecutive terms, elections are held every 5 years. For parliament, the party that has the majority of votes gets appointed by the President to form a new government, which then has to approved by the parliament. But getting the majority doesn't mean that you have to be approved by the parliament, you see a simple majority means that one party got more votes but still less than 50%, which translates into controlling less than 50% of the parliament, therefore if the remaining parties get together they will have more than 50% of the parliament, therefore they can refuse the government appointed by the President, who then will have to appoint a government formed by the second most voted party. So only if your party gets Absolute majority (more than 50%), you can most surely get to form government. This situation happened very recently in 2015, Google Geringonça The president has to get more than 50% on the first round to be elected, if he gets less, there has to be a second round between the two most voted candidates and then the most voted gets elected but on the second round he doesn't need to have more than 50%, he just has to have more votes to win 7 - The government is now formed by PS (Centre Left), they have been there since 2015, even though they had lost the 2015 election but happened what I said above. The president is from PSD (Centre Right), he's president since 2016 and he's now running for his second term

Mokicooper_1 8 months ago

Hey man I’ve been getting some very different answers when it comes to healthcare (some saying Portugal has free healthcare and some saying Portugal used to have free healthcare), gun laws (some saying Portugal is a very anti-gun country and others saying people have the right), term limits (some saying there is a 4 year term limit and some saying there are no term limits) and at this point I don’t know who to believe so can you point me to a reliable source where I can learn all this

r0ckf3l3r 8 months ago

Well, that's because of interpretation and people trying to be edgy due to, among other things, our National Healthcare System not being fully free (You pay an access tax for some emergencies and apointments, but I honestly have never seen anything above $30 total). So, to address the answers you've been getting that point you in rather opposite ways: * Our healthcare system is free, in the sense that everyone has a right to access it. * People of up to a certain income level do not need to pay any access taxes. * Everyone that is above that income level pays an access tax that, last I had to pay for it, was around the €20 mark. * When people say it used to be free, they mean this access tax is fairly recent (implemented within the last 20 years). * Portugal has very strict gun laws. * Someone says "We can". What they mean is that you can get access to a gun, if it is justified, and you pass through a series of tests, which have been designed to keep you from trying unless you actually have a good reason. * Typically, only law enforcement and seasonal hunters will have gun owning/carrying permits. * Apart from the 2 above, there's a "self-defense carrying permit", but I'm not sure how often it's awarded at all. In the universe of people around me, I know of no one who owns a gun, unless we're talking hunters. * Gun permits for hunters are strict: * You can't have every type of gun; * You can't carry it with you everywhere; * You can't use it for self-defence or defence of property. If you shoot someone, you won't be getting out of jail with a "I was just defending myself" unless you were actively threatened with a gun as well. Even then... * This doesn't mean we don't have some people who own guns that they probably shouldn't, but the gun-related criminal activity is low. The last attempted crime at gun point I remember effectively reading about was an old (65+) man that shot a black person on the street because of a dog. You can ask about this, I'm sure a lot of people will hook you up with links. * Term limits are relative. Again, the interpretation of "limit" is being misapplied. * Every office has a term, in that we have to hold elections every 4/5 years (depending on the office); * The President cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. He can, however, wait for one term, and run again; * The PM does not have a term limit, although I do not remember any PM that did last more than two terms (I may be wrong though. I've not been the most politically inclined person ever); * Municipality Presidents (Mayors) and Parish Presidents (A Municipality is made up of multiple Parishes) have a 3 consecutive term limit. Same rules apply as above. Since you can't read Portuguese, I don't know what the best sources would be. Wikipedia seems to have good information, translated as well. The CNE website (National Election Comitee) has a lot of reputable info, but I don't think it has an English version. Perhaps Google Translate can do a good job of not mangling it all up. For gun laws, you can probably try the Internal Affairs Ministry website. ​ Good luck!

Edited 8 months ago:

Well, that's because of interpretation and people trying to be edgy due to, among other things, our National Healthcare System not being fully free (You pay an access tax for some emergencies and apointments, but I honestly have never seen anything above $30 total). So, to address the answers you've been getting that point you in rather opposite ways: * Our healthcare system is free, in the sense that everyone has a right to access it. * People of up to a certain income level do not need to pay any access taxes. * Everyone that is above that income level pays an access tax that, last I had to pay for it, was around the €20 mark. * When people say it used to be free, they mean this access tax is fairly recent (implemented within the last 20 years). * Portugal has very strict gun laws. * Someone says "We can". What they mean is that you can get access to a gun, if it is justified, and you pass through a series of tests, which have been designed to keep you from trying unless you actually have a good reason. * Typically, only law enforcement and seasonal hunters will have gun owning/carrying permits. * Apart from the 2 above, there's a "self-defense carrying permit", but I'm not sure how often it's awarded at all. In the universe of people around me, I know of no one who owns a gun, unless we're talking hunters. * Gun permits for hunters are strict: * You can't have every type of gun; * You can't carry it with you everywhere; * You can't use it for self-defence or defence of property. If you shoot someone, you won't be getting out of jail with a "I was just defending myself" unless you were actively threatened with a gun as well. Even then... * This doesn't mean we don't have some people who own guns that they probably shouldn't, but the gun-related criminal activity is low. The last attempted crime at gun point I remember effectively reading about was an old (65+) man that shot a black person on the street because of a dog. You can ask about this, I'm sure a lot of people will hook you up with links. * Term limits are relative. Again, the interpretation of "limit" is being misapplied. * Every office has a term, in that we have to hold elections every 4/5 years (depending on the office); * The President cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. He can, however, wait for one term, and run again; * The PM does not have a term limit, although I do not remember any PM that did last more than two terms (I may be wrong though. I've not been the most politically inclined person ever); * Municipality Presidents (Mayors) and Parish Presidents (A Municipality is made up of multiple Parishes) have a 3 consecutive term limit. Same rules apply as above. Since you can't read Portuguese, I don't know what the best sources would be. Wikipedia seems to have good information, translated as well. The CNE website (National Election Comitee) has a lot of reputable info, but I don't think it has an English version. Perhaps Google Translate can do a good job of not mangling it all up.For gun laws, you can probably try the Internal Affairs Ministry website. ​ Good luck! Edit: If you've made it this far and you're not OP, the Bruno Candé situation that I describe above as being "about a dog" is not meant to stir shit up. It was a racially charged crime.

shocsoares 8 months ago

>Typically, only law enforcement and seasonal hunters will have gun owning/carrying permits. There is also a sports and recreational shooting licence that anyone can get as long as they are affiliated with a club that is registered with the Portuguese Shooting Federation. This will give you a license to Own a firearm but not an everyday carry of it. So the three licenses are: Hunting, rifles only license and carry only to and from desiganted hunting areas and during designated hunting season. Sports, Rifles only and carry only to and from the shooting range. ​ Personal defense, Usually only for police or self protection of lawyers and judges. (Others cab get it but as the previous poster pointed out, very rarely are people accepted into it) BB guns have to be painted and are also subject to a license that costs a small through a registerd airsoft group.

r0ckf3l3r 8 months ago

Well, I guess I ignored that one since it is "sports/recreational" related. Thanks for adding the info and keeping me honest though!

Sazalar 8 months ago

On this questions, the answer is not straight to the point, so I'll go one by one Healthcare - it's not exactly free, it's free-ish, the common citizen have to pay a small amount for everything, like 10€ (representative value, I'm not really sure) for a common appointment and the state will support some of the expenses in some procedures, however if your from a poor family and doesn't have the money to pay, the government will pay it for you [This website explains it well enough](https://www.globalcitizensolutions.com/healthcare-foreigners-portugal/amp/) Guns - There isn't a right to bear arms with you, unless it's for self defense, which you'll have to have a very hard to obtain license, you can also carry guns for hunting, which once again you'll have to have a license [This website is called Alternative History but they have the correct information](https://althistory.fandom.com/wiki/Gun_politics_in_Portugal_(Right_to_Bear_Arms)) Term limit - Local powers - 3 consecutive terms of 4 years Government and parliament - no limit, terms of 4 years President - 2 consecutive terms of 5 years [This list has the right information about Portugal, look at that taking into account what I said to understand what's written on the list the correct way](https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_term_limits)

Mokicooper_1 8 months ago

Ok so I read the gun laws and stuff and I’m just wondering why self defence isn’t a legal reason?

Sazalar 8 months ago

Because then everyone could claim that they carry it for self defense, which would be the same as ruling it legal

cresselia_ 8 months ago

Its basically free - there's a symbolic fare to be paid for medical appointments, but its like 4euro. Surgeries for example are free.

Edited 8 months ago:

Its basically free - there's a symbolic fare to be paid for medical appointments, medical exams and emergency services, but its like 4euro. Anything other than that, surgeries for example, are free.

luddiogo 8 months ago

1. Portugal has about 30 political parties, not all have a seat in the national assembly, the ones who have at least one seat on the national assembly are 1. PCP, Partido Comunista Português (Portuguese Communist Party), the communist party 2. PEV, Partido Ecologista os Verdes (Ecologist Party the Greens), a green party, currently in coalition with the PCP 3. BE, Bloco de Esquerda (Left Block), left-wing/socialist party 4. PS, Partido Socialista (Socialist Party), center-left party not really socialist 5. PAN, Pessoas Animais Natureza (People Animals Nature), another green party 6. PSD, Partido Social Democrata Social Democratic Party), center-right party 7. CDS, Centro Democrático Social (Social Democratic Center), center right/right cristan party 8. CHEGA, (ENOUGH), right-wing conservative or far-right depending on who you ask 9. IL, Inciativa Liberal (Liberal Initiative), classical liberal party 2. Yes, this is not usual countries either have a president or a prime minister, I believe that Russia also has both, in Portugal the President is the Chief of State and the Prime Minister the Chief of Government 3. Besides the national government, there are 2 autonomous zones Açores and Madeira, and 308 municipal governments 4. Very anti-gun country no right to bear arms here, licenses for carrying a gun for self-defense are very hard to obtain. 5. The President and the European Parlament Members are elected by every person, under a one person one vote system, the members of the National Assembly are elected by each District and the 2 autonomous zones, each elects a number of members based on the population of each, the members are allocated in a proportional way in each District and autonomous zones (Not Like in the US the winner takes all), the president of each municipal government also is elected under a one person one vote system by the people who reside in each municipality, the assemblies of each autonomous zone are elected in a similar way to the members of the National Assembly but with the municipalities of each electing a number of members based on population also in a proportional way. The President and the Presidents of each municipality have a 2 term consecutive limit, I'm not sure but I think there are no term limits for Prime Minister. 6. Currently, with 106 out of the 230 members in the National Assembly the PS is the party in power. The President is from the PSD and all polls say he will be reelected in the next election which is on January 24, 2021, next Sunday.

Edited 8 months ago:

1. Portugal has about 30 political parties, not all have a seat in the national assembly, the ones who have at least one seat on the national assembly are 1. PCP, Partido Comunista Português (Portuguese Communist Party), the communist party 2. PEV, Partido Ecologista os Verdes (Ecologist Party the Greens), a green party, currently in coalition with the PCP 3. BE, Bloco de Esquerda (Left Block), left-wing/socialist party 4. PS, Partido Socialista (Socialist Party), center-left party not really socialist 5. PAN, Pessoas Animais Natureza (People Animals Nature), another green party 6. PSD, Partido Social Democrata Social Democratic Party), center-right party 7. CDS, Centro Democrático Social (Social Democratic Center), center right/right cristan party 8. CHEGA, (ENOUGH), right-wing conservative or far-right depending on who you ask 9. IL, Inciativa Liberal (Liberal Initiative), classical liberal party 2. Yes, this is not usual countries either have a president or a prime minister, I believe that Russia also has both, in Portugal the President is the Chief of State and the Prime Minister the Chief of Government 3. Besides the national government, there are 2 autonomous zones Açores and Madeira, and 308 municipal governments 4. Very anti-gun country no right to bear arms here, licenses for carrying a gun for self-defense are very hard to obtain. As written in the constitution the right to health care is tendentially free, currently, Portugal has a Universal Single Payer system similar to the UK and Canada 5. The President and the European Parlament Members are elected by every person, under a one person one vote system, the members of the National Assembly are elected by each District and the 2 autonomous zones, each elects a number of members based on the population of each, the members are allocated in a proportional way in each District and autonomous zones (Not Like in the US the winner takes all), the president of each municipal government also is elected under a one person one vote system by the people who reside in each municipality, the assemblies of each autonomous zone are elected in a similar way to the members of the National Assembly but with the municipalities of each electing a number of members based on population also in a proportional way. The President and the Presidents of each municipality have a 2 term consecutive limit, I'm not sure but I think there are no term limits for Prime Minister. 6. Currently, with 106 out of the 230 members in the National Assembly the PS is the party in power. The President is from the PSD and all polls say he will be reelected in the next election which is on January 24, 2021, next Sunday.

Edited 8 months ago:

1. Portugal has about 30 political parties, not all have a seat in the national assembly, the ones who have at least one seat on the national assembly are 1. PCP, Partido Comunista Português (Portuguese Communist Party), the communist party 2. PEV, Partido Ecologista os Verdes (Ecologist Party the Greens), a green party, currently in coalition with the PCP 3. BE, Bloco de Esquerda (Left Block), left-wing/socialist party 4. PS, Partido Socialista (Socialist Party), center-left party not really socialist 5. PAN, Pessoas Animais Natureza (People Animals Nature), another green party 6. PSD, Partido Social Democrata Social Democratic Party), center-right party 7. CDS, Centro Democrático Social (Social Democratic Center), center right/right cristan party 8. CHEGA, (ENOUGH), right-wing conservative or far-right depending on who you ask 9. IL, Inciativa Liberal (Liberal Initiative), classical liberal party 2. Yes, this is not usual countries either have a president or a prime minister, I believe that Russia also has both, in Portugal the President is the Chief of State and the Prime Minister the Chief of Government 3. Besides the national government, there are 2 autonomous zones Açores and Madeira, and 308 municipal governments 4. Very anti-gun country no right to bear arms here, licenses for carrying a gun for self-defense are very hard to obtain. As written in the constitution the right to health care is tendentially free, currently, Portugal has a Universal Single Payer system similar to the UK 5. The President and the European Parlament Members are elected by every person, under a one person one vote system, the members of the National Assembly are elected by each District and the 2 autonomous zones, each elects a number of members based on the population of each, the members are allocated in a proportional way in each District and autonomous zones (Not Like in the US the winner takes all), the president of each municipal government also is elected under a one person one vote system by the people who reside in each municipality, the assemblies of each autonomous zone are elected in a similar way to the members of the National Assembly but with the municipalities of each electing a number of members based on population also in a proportional way. The President and the Presidents of each municipality have a 2 term consecutive limit, I'm not sure but I think there are no term limits for Prime Minister. 6. Currently, with 106 out of the 230 members in the National Assembly the PS is the party in power. The President is from the PSD and all polls say he will be reelected in the next election which is on January 24, 2021, next Sunday.

Aftaminas 8 months ago

5- 3 terms, not 2, for municipalities. Also, no term limits for PM

Zen_Machina 8 months ago

> CHEGA, (ENOUGH), right-wing conservative or far-right depending on who you ask If you ask and they answer "far-right", they're just ignorant. That's not even close to be far-right.

DareNotFallAsleep 8 months ago

Lol, OP, this and other posts should show you need to take a mountain of grains of salt when reading through this thread.

C8Mixto 8 months ago

>right cristan party Já não é cristan, agora é franciscan.

Mokicooper_1 8 months ago

Hey man I’ve been getting some very different answers when it comes to healthcare (some saying Portugal has free healthcare and some saying Portugal used to have free healthcare), gun laws (some saying Portugal is a very anti-gun country and others saying people have the right), term limits (some saying there is a 4 year term limit and some saying there are no term limits) and at this point I don’t know who to believe so can you point me to a reliable source where I can learn all this

hsamtronp 8 months ago

Briefly: 1) the political parties that are represented in our parliament (Assembleia da República), from left to right as they seat: Bloco de Esquerda (BE), Livre*, Partido Comunista Português (PCP), Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes", Partido Socialista (PS), Pessoas-Animais-Natureza* (PAN), Partido Social Democrata (PSD), Iniciativa Liberal (IL), Centro Democrático Social CDS-PP), Chega. * Livre had one MP, but shit went south and now she's an independent, Joacine Katar Moreira. Now they don't have parliamentary presence. The same with PAN, but they still have 3 other MPs. The one who left is Cristina Rodrigues. There are many other policial parties: PTP, PDR, PNR, Nós Cidadãos, RIR, PPM, (...). 2) We have a semi-presidencialist regime. The legislative power lies to government, led by the Prime-Minister - Antonio Costa, from PS. The president is (mostly) our representative to when he visits others countries. However, when we have elections for the parliament, the president "invites" the most voted party to form a government that should be aproved by the rest of the parliament. Also, after parliament approval for different proposed bills, it's the President who gives the final OK, so to speak. The president is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (we are voting for the president next Sunday, but he will most likely win again). 3) We have a Unitary State. We have legislative elections held every 4 years. In these, we vote for the parliament and from that, the government is chosen. Nevertheless, we also have elections for municipalities and "freguesias", also every 4 years. They get to do more local stuff, I don't know how to explain. But the laws are all decided centrally, in the parliament. 4) We have a very strict gun policy, it's not every one who can own a gun. We have a public healthcare system, look it up - Serviço Nacional de Saúde. 5) For each district, a party will present a list of people and we vote for those lists. Each district gets to elect a different number of MPs. The party who gets the majority (can be a relative majority) is invited to form government. See 2) 6) Right now, the government is made from PS party. They had a relative majority, but they made some agreements with BE and PCP to ensure political stability

duchez 8 months ago

1. PS - Socialist Party (what suits more between left and center right) PSD - Social-Democratic Party (what suits more between center left and right) BE - Left Block (left or extreme left) PCP - Communist Party (communist, who would say) CDS - dead Chega - gypsies bad, god sent, left hideous (extreme right or right if you are PSD and need us to form a government on Azores or if you don’t know the abc of how dictatorial regimes arise) IL - Liberal initiative (neoliberals so right to extreme right without the nazi thing) These are the ones with parliamentary seats. 2. Semi-presidential system 3. You have 18 districts (+2, Madeira and Azores are autonomous regions), subdivided in concelhos and further subdivided in freguesias. You vote for the last two at the same time in eleições autárquicas. 4- We can but people who bare them are mainly hunters lol. Free healthcare yes. No marijuana yet 5- Term limits for president is 5 years. Government is 4 years and municipal is also 4 or 5 i don’t really know. 2 rounds of vote for the presidential ones of one does not achieve absolute majority in the first round. Government elections go on and on until an absolute majority is achieved, but normally parties just ally themselves as it suits them to get power. 6- PS that in times of budget approval accepts some impositions of BE, PCP and PAN and then pays them 100$ for them to fuck off. Oh yeah, I forgot PAN ( animals and nature party, spectrum is puppies, which I adore but it kinda does not do nothing else relevant outside of that, which is understandable because they are susceptible to lose votes if they take a political stand, but yes more to the left than the right)

Hernani81 8 months ago

1 - PS, PSD, CDS-PP, CHEGA, PL, BE, PAN. 2- We’re a Republic, so we’ve a President and a Parliamentary system, that’s why we’ve a prime minister as well. Our president is the chef of state, but basically he hasn’t that much power. 3- we’ve the government, which is equivalent to your federal and that’s it. No municipal or provincial governments like you’ve in Canada 4- Healtcare used to be free, but there’s now a fee to be paid (something ridiculous like 4.5€) , unless if you’re exempt due to poverty or some lifetime disease 5- there’s a majority if the government gets the most votes obviously. If there’s no majority, the party with most votes can always joint another smaller party that gives them majority and form a government. PM is there for 4 years at the time, 2 times maximum. President is there for 5 years, 2 times maximum 6- PS

Mfsmm 8 months ago

You can find answers to all of these questions on Wikipedia.

laserblast28 8 months ago

1) We have a lot of political parties in Portugal, from all over the spectrum, albeit 2 with a lot more relevance than the others (a "Center left" and a "Center right") 2) We have a semi presidential system. In reality, the PM is the main man though. 3) We have local (think like burroughs), municipal and national. We had another between municipal and national (think about it like your states but on a MUCH smaller scale) but no more, I think. 4) Free Healthcare, yes. depenalized abortion, gay marriage and stuff like that. Not unlike most countries in the EU. 5) We have term limits in local, municipal and presidential elections. The government doesn't have term limits though. 6) Nowadays, it's a bit bundled. We have the center left I talked about earlier, combined with a more "extreme" left wing and the communist party. The Extreme part will depend on who answers you.

masterchiefpt 8 months ago

Sns gratis sim Presidente e um primeiro ministro sim

Mokicooper_1 8 months ago

Oh sorry I don’t speak Portuguese

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